Crowd disasters occur when people are given insufficient information and space (Sime, 1999). It is rarely the case that only one factor causes a disaster (Helbing and Mukerji, 2012). In particular, increase or
I developed my MSc Crowd Safety & Risk Analysis dissertation into a series of articles to share my academic research with the industry. The aim of this dissertation was to understand if the current legislation and approval process is fit for purpose for ensuring crowd safety at outdoor events in the UK.