Recent Developments in the Psychology of Crowds and Collective Behaviour by Prof John Drury

The Truth About Panic by Dr. Stephen Reicher, Clifford Stott and Prof. John Drury

Journal Articles

Click here for the list of references from my MSc dissertation

Abbott, J. L. and Geddie, M. W. (2000) ‘Event and Venue Management: Minimizing Liability Through Effective Crowd Management Techniques’. Event Management, 6, September, pp. 259–270.

Drury, J., Novelli, D. and Stott, C. (2015) ‘Managing to avert disaster: explaining collective resilience at an outdoor music event’. European Journal of Social Psychology, December, pp. 1–44.

Fruin, J. J. (1993) “The Causes and Prevention of Crowd Disasters.” Engineering for Crowd Safety. (Elsevier), pp. 99–108.

Helbing, D., Johansson, A. and Al-Abideen, H. Z. (2007) “Dynamics of crowddisasters: An empirical study.” Physics Review. E, 75 p. 46-109.

Sime, J. D. (1999) ‘Crowd facilities, management and communications indisasters’. Facilities, 17(9/10) pp. 313–324.

Still, G.K. (2014) Introduction to Crowd Science, London: CRC Press.

Still, K., Papalexi, M., Fan, Y. and Bamford, D. (2020) “Place crowd safety, crowd science? Case studies and application.” Journal of Place Management and Development.

Templeton, A. (2020) “Future research avenues to facilitate social connectedness and safe collective behavior at organized crowd events.” Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 24(2) pp. 216–222.

Wijermans, F. E. H. (2011) Understanding crowd behaviour: simulating situated individuals. PhD, University of Groningen: SOM research school.


Introduction to Crowd Science by Prof Keith Still

Thinking, Fast and Slow by Daniel Kahneman

Sources of Power: How People Make Decisions by Gary Klein

Predictable Surprises: The Disasters You Should Have Seen Coming, and How to Prevent Them by Max Bazerman and Michael Watkins


Event Safety Guidelines for Community Event Organisers

Working with Crowds

United Kingdom Crowd Management Association

Prof Keith Still Crowd Science training

Crowd Safety training in the UK

Prof John Drury’s Crowds & Identities Research Group.

Public Health / COVID-19 Information

Blog post: discussing safe re-opening strategies and often the best strategies are the most cost effective.

The Event Safety Alliance in the USA published a comprehensive free re-opening guide for venues.

The Event Industry Forum (UK) have produced a guidance document with input from DCMS.

The Association of Event Organisers have this great resource and now government approved guidelines. Their risk assessment framework will help all event organisers in their planning and risk management.

This course  in COVID-19 Place Management is aimed at those who are responsible for running a venue or place where crowds congregate.

Free course: World Health Organisation, Public Health Preparedness for Mass Gathering Events

Guide: World Health Organisation, Rapid Risk Assessment of Acute Public Health Events

Event Transport

The Four S of Event Transport